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suggest的用法说明

【英语单词】 2019-04-03本文已影响
'); })(); suggest有暗示; 建议,提议; 使想起; 启示;的意思,下面小编就跟大家详细介绍下suggest的用法说明,希望对大家有用。?  suggest的用法说明如下:?  一、有“建议”的意思。advise、propose也有此意,请比较它们用法的异同:?  1)都可接名词做宾语?  She suggested/advised/proposed an early start.We suggested/advised/proposed a visit to the museum the nextday.?  2)都可接动名词做宾语?  I suggested/advised/proposed putting off the sports meeting. They suggested/advised/proposed waiting until the proper time.?  3)都可接that宾语从句,that从句用should+动词原形,should可以省略。?  She suggested/advised/proposed that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday.?  We suggested/advised/proposed that he (should) go and make an apology to his teacher.?  4)advise可接动词不定式复合宾语,propose可接不定式做宾语。?  I advised him to give up the foolish idea.=I suggested/proposed his/him giving up the foolish idea. (suggest和propose在口语里可接动名词的复合宾语)。We proposed to start early.=We proposed starting early. (接不定式不用suggest和advise)?  二、 有“提出”的意思。如:He suggested a different plan to his boss.Xiao Wang suggested a way to solve the problem.?  三、 有“暗示、表明”的意思,其主语往往是事物,而不是人。?  1)接名词或动名词做宾语。?  The simple house suggested a modest income. Her pale face suggested bad health. The thought of summer suggests swimming.?  2)接宾语从句,从句用陈述语气。如:?  I suggested that she should go home. 我建议她回家去。The smile on his face suggested that he was satisfied with our work.?  The decision suggested that he might bring his family. 这个决定表明他可以把家属带来。?  The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry.他脸上的表情表明他很生气。?  四、在主语从句It is suggested that…及名词suggestion后面表示具体建议的表语从句、同位语从句都应用should+动词原形,should可以省略。如:It was suggested that we (should) give a performance at the party. His suggestion was that the debts (should) be paid off first. The doctors made a suggestion that the new hospital (should) not be set up on the hill.?  使用suggest的用法及使用错点?  错点一 要表示汉语的“建议做某事”,英语通常用 suggest doing sth,而不能用 suggest to do sth。如:?  正:He suggested going by plane, but I thought it would cost too much.?  误:He suggested to go by plane, but I thought it would cost too much.?  正:Tom suggested selling the house but Ann was against it.?  误:Tom suggested to sell the house but Ann was against it.?  错点二 英语习惯上不能说 suggest sb to do sth,而说suggest sb’s [sb]doing sth。也就是说,suggest 后不仅不接不定式,而且也不接不定式的复合结构。如: ?正:He suggested that we leave earlier. ?误:He suggested us to leave earlier.?  当然,我们也可以用后接 that 从句的形式来表达此意思(注意谓语用 “should+动词原形”这样的虚拟语气形式)。如:?  I suggest that we (should) have lunch right now.   He suggests that we should all go to see the film.?  正:He suggested not saying anything till they heard the facts.?  正:He suggested saying nothing about it till they heard the facts.?  正:He suggested that they shouldn’t say anything till they heard the facts.?  错点三 混用其后宾语从句的语气?  suggest 后接宾语从句时,从谓语既可用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,其区别与 suggest所表示的意思有关:?  1. 若suggest 表示“建议”,则其后接的 that 从句谓语通常用“(should)+动词原形”这样的虚拟语气形式。如:?  I suggested that she should go home. She suggested that I (should) be the leader.?  2. 若suggest 表示“暗示”“意指”“表明”等义,则其后接的 that 从句要用陈述语气。如:?  What he said suggested that he was a cheat.   Are you suggesting that I’m not suited for the job??  错点四 其后误接双宾语?  要表示向某人提出某情况,suggest后不能接双宾语,即不能用suggest sb sth,而通常用 suggest sth to sb。如:?  我向她提出一个解决问题的办法。   正:I suggested a way out to her.   误:I suggested her a way out.?  若其中的直接宾语比较复杂(比如是that 从句)时,可考虑改用 suggest to sb sth。如:?  正:I suggested to him that we should tackle the problem another way.?  误:I suggested him that we should tackle the problem another way.?  错点五 当suggestion表示“建议”时,若其后接一个that引导的宾语从句,则该从句也习惯上要用“should+动词原形”这样的虚拟语气。如: The suggestion that shops should open on Sundays led to a heated discussion.?  There was a suggestion that Brown should be dropped from the team.?  练习题:1.He nodded his head and smiled,which suggested that he______what I said.?  A:would understand ? ? ? ? B:had understood ? ?C:should understand ? ? ? ? ?D:has understood ?答: 选B?  2.The latest data put forward by the states suggested that the business ? ? ? ? ? improving.?  A.wasB.be ? ? ?C.beingD.should?  1.Suggest表示建议,用法如下:?  1)Suggest+ 名词/代词或suggest+名词/代词to+人,但不能说suggest sb sth ,即不能加双宾做宾语?  eg: ?We suggest him the plan (Χ)但We suggest the plan to him(√)?  2)suggest+doing sth ? eg ? He suggested going out for a walk.?  注意:suggest 不可以加不定式,所以上面的句子不可以这样写: ?He suggested to go out for a walk.(Χ)?  4suggest +(that )+主语+(should) do+sth 其中的should 可以省略?  eg: ?He suggested that you should go there tomorrow.=He suggested you go there tomorrow.?  注意,不可以这样说:He ?suggested you to go there tomorrow.也就是说suggest不可以加不定式的复合结构。?  5)it is suggested that +主语+(should )do sth eg: ?It is suggested that the work (should) be finished at once.?  6)suggestion做主语时,其后的表语从句也用这个结构即:The suggestion is that +主语+should +do sth?  eg: ?His suggestion is that I should leave for Beijing immediately.?  2.suggest 表示暗示或表明之意,注意此时做主语时后面的表语从句用陈述语气?  eg: ?Her yawn suggested that she was sleepy.
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