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hope的用法说明

【英语单词】 2019-04-03本文已影响
'); })(); hope有希望,期望, 希望的东西, 被寄予希望的人或事物、情况, 抱有希望的理由的意思,你知道hope有哪些用法吗?来和小编一起学习下吧。?  hope的用法说明如下:?  Hope的用法:?  1. 从说话语气上看,hope 用于表示可能实现的事情,后接从句时,用陈述语气。如:?  I hope I shall see him again. 我希望再见他一次。?  I hope you haven't hurt yourself. 但愿你没有受伤。?  2. 从含义上看,hope 多用于指对好事的盼望、预想,对坏事的预想则多用“I'm afraid...”。如:?  I hope it will be fine tomorrow. 我希望明天天气好。?  I'm afraid it will rain again. 恐怕还要下雨。?  3. 从时间上看,hope 所希望的一般指将来或现在的事情,不用于指过去的事情。如:?  I hope he will come. 我希望他会来。?  4. 从句型上看,hope 可用hope to do sth句型,而不能用hope sb to do sth句型。如:?  I hope to watch the football match again. 我希望再看一次那场足球赛。?  而不说:I hope you to go. 最后,当你要表示“希望如此。”时,就说“I hope so.”其否定形式用“I hope not.”。hope 一般不用于进行时。?  5. hope后面还可以接that 从句,意为“希望……;能……就好了”。如:?  She hopes that I will pass the exam. 她希望我能通过考试。?  与hope有关的几个词组:?  in the hope of sth 怀着……的希望?  live in hope(s) of 满怀希望?  hope for the best 希望获得最好的结果?  hope和wish的用法区别?  两词都表示"希望",但在用法上有相同和不同之处,不能随意互换。?  一、相同之处?  1.都可接不定式作宾语。?  We wish to see the film.?  The children hope to do something for the old man.?  2.都能以某些代词作宾语。?  That's what you have wished.?  You can't hope much from such people.?  3.都能与介词for连用,后接名词或某些不定代词,表示"希望得到""祈求"。?  Do you hope for peace??  Do you wish for anything better??  4.都可与过去过完成时连用,表示本来想做而没做成。?  I had hoped to come here, but I couldn't.?  He had wished to finish it on time, but he didn't.?  5.都用于It is / was to be…that的句型中。?  It is to be hoped that she will get full marks in English.?  It is to be wished that the problem will soon be solved.?  二、不同之处?  1. wish作为及物动词,可接名词或代词作宾语,hope则不能。?  Do you wish a pen or a book??  2. wish能接双宾语表示祝愿,hope则不能。?  I wish you success. 。?  3. wish能接复合宾语,hope则不能。?  I wish you to go with me.?  4. wish和hope都能接that引导的从句,但wish后的从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气(动词用过去时,或过去完成时),hope则用所需要的时态。?  I hope that he will win the game.?  I wish that I knew the answer.?  I wish I had bought it yesterday.?  5. hope可与so或not连用,分别代替一个具有肯定和否定意义的宾语从句,以免重复,wish则不能。?  -Will it be fine tomorrow??  -I hope so.?  -Will it rain tomorrow??  -I hope not.?  三、wish, hope都可作名词,可数或不可数均可,wish表示"愿望""心愿""祝愿",hope表示"希望"。?  1. My wish is to become a doctor.?  2. It is said that they have realized their wishes.?  3. I have no (not much) wish to see him.?  4. Send him my best wishes.?  5. Where there is life there is hope.?  6. There is a hope of success.?  7. He has some hope (s) of success.
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